SEO: Understanding the Meaning and Importance


Have you ever done some research on how to improve your online business? Then you have probably run into the notion of SEO – Search Engine Optimisation.

SEO is a powerful approach that is growing in popularity as gradually more business owners invest in optimising their websites for search engines to increase their online visibility, customer base, and revenue. Massive companies, like Amazon and eBay, have employed SEO efforts to dominate the search engine results pages and, thus, increase their profits.

If you own an online business, now is the time to read more about SEO meaning and how it works. In this article, you can learn what SEO is, its key components, and how it works.

Understanding SEO Fundamentals

SEO stands for Search Engine Optimisation, and it refers to the process of optimising a web page’s structure and content to improve its relevance and visibility. The ultimate goal of SEO professionals is to achieve the best ranking in search engine results pages (SERPs), which increases the organic traffic to a website.

But how does SEO work with search engines?

Well, search engines like Google and Yahoo have intricate algorithms to determine a web page’s ranking in search results. SEO experts analyse how search engines crawl, index, and rank the pages and then work with these algorithms by ensuring that the content and the structure of the page meet some essential criteria:

  • Content relevance
  • User experience
  • Backlinks
  • On-page optimisation

Efficient and goal-meeting SEO can make your website more authoritative in the eyes of search engines. But to achieve so, there are three main aspects of website optimisation: on-page SEO, off-page SEO, and technical SEO.

On-Page SEO

On-page SEO refers to the improvement of the internal aspects of the website. When working on on-page SEO, experts ensure the website is well-structured and contains the necessary elements to improve navigation, and, thus, user experience, such as clear menus, logical hierarchy, and readability through headings and subheadings.

In addition, SEO practitioners also determine the best-performing and relevant keywords to include in the content, build strategic meta tags and meta descriptions that provide a compelling summary of the website’s content, and make use of internal linking to connect a website to relevant web pages, which helps you rank higher in the SERPs.

Lastly, SEO experts also analyse the content on the page and ensure it is informative and relevant for the target audience.

Off-Page SEO

Off-page SEO: unlike the previous aspect, off-page improvement refers to external activity that can help increase the awareness and reputation of the page, including high-quality backlinks and guest blogging.

When working on off-page SEO, experts focus on backlinks and online presence. Backlinks are links from other websites that lead to your page, and their importance lies in the fact that they convey trustworthiness and authority to your website.

Online presence is also helpful for SEO efforts. For the sake of understanding, let’s divide online presence into two parts: social media and reputation. Although social media does not necessarily affect the SERPs (unless for the fact that social media websites are ranked), it can help with SEO, as a positive social media presence can drive more visibility and organic traffic. As for the reputation, negative reviews and comments can harm your visibility, so it is part of the SEO strategy to address negative feedback and choose a problem-solving approach.

Technical SEO

Technical SEO is the aspect that ensures the page is both user-friendly and search-engine-friendly.

SEO efforts value the user experience, as it can impact the ranking, so when working on technical SEO, professionals evaluate the performance of the page. SEO requires fast load times and a responsive design since those factors impact the user experience.

Additionally, experts focus on the architecture of the website because it influences the crawling and indexing process and improves the user experience. To ensure the best communication between search engine algorithms and web pages, SEO practitioners employ strategies, such as XML sitemaps and robot.txt files, to help search engines navigate the page and provide instructions about which pages or sections should be crawled, respectively.


SEO is a strategy that helps websites rank higher in search engine results pages. Successful SEO efforts focus on four aspects: on-page SEO, off-page SEO, technical SEO, and local SEO. Each of these aspects refers to different areas of the page that play an important role in high-quality SEO.

Search Engine Optimisation is valuable for businesses because it can help them build their online presence, improve brand awareness, and drive more organic traffic to the website.


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